Our world is run on information and in this day and age information is as good as gold. You may wonder, how identity theft happens? It occurs when someone steals your personal information and uses it fraudulently. There are steps you can take to prevent identity theft.
Ways that Thieves Gain Access to Someone’s Identity
- Dumpster diving. They rummage through trash looking for bills or other paper with your personal information on it.
- Skimming. They steal credit/debit card numbers by using a special storage device when processing your card.
- Phishing. They pretend to be financial institutions or companies and send spam or pop-up messages to get you to reveal your personal information.
- Changing your address. They divert your billing statements to another location by completing a change of address form.
- Old-fashioned stealing. They steal wallets and purses; mail, including bank and credit card statements; pre-approved credit offers; and new checks or tax information. They steal personnel records, or bribe employees who have access
- Pre-texting. They use false pretenses to obtain your personal information from financial institutions, telephone companies, and other sources.
Once they have your personal information, identity thieves use it in a variety of ways:
- Credit card fraud – They may open new credit card accounts in your name. When they use the cards and don’t pay the bills, the delinquent accounts appear on your credit report. They may change the billing address on your credit card so that you no longer receive bills, and then run up charges on your account. Because your bills are now sent to a different address, it may be some time before you realize there’s a problem.
- Phone or utilities fraud – They may open a new phone or wireless account in your name, or run up charges on your existing account. They may use your name to get utility services like electricity, heating, or cable TV.
- Bank/finance fraud – They may create counterfeit checks using your name or account number. They may open a bank account in your name and write bad checks. They may clone your ATM or debit card and make electronic withdrawals in your name, draining your accounts. They may take out a loan in your name.
- Government documents fraud – They may get a driver’s license or official ID card issued in your name but with their picture. They may use your name and Social Security number to get government benefits. They may file a fraudulent tax return using your information.
- Other fraud – They may get a job using your Social Security number. They may rent a house or get medical services using your name. They may give your personal information to police during an arrest. If they don’t show up for their court date, a warrant for arrest is issued in your name.
Identity Theft Happens, Here’s What You Can Do
- Protect your personal information by keeping it safe and secure
- Be cautious when shopping online
- Monitor your credit report for suspicious activity
- Take precautions on social media
- Exercise healthy skepticism about investment or other unsolicited financial offers (if it seems too good to be true, it probably is)